|With gamma-spectrometry: 108mAg, 129I|
|With LSC:3H, 14C,36Cl, 90Sr, 99Tc|
|With alpha-spectrometry: transuranic isotopes (e.g. 239+240Pu, 241Am)|
|Using ICP-MS: 79Se, 93Zr, 107Pd|
Difficult-to-measure (DTM) isotopesare usually either pure alpha/beta emitters or have only very low energy and intensity X-ray or γ-ray lines. As a result, the determination of their concentrationsis possible only after radiochemical separations of various complexities. If the necessary conditions (physical-chemical form and radiochemical purity) are met, the following techniques are used for measurements:
Reference lists are here.